Cree Demonstrative Pronouns by Andrea Custer (y-dialect)

Andrea Custer

Sometimes Cree language complexity makes English look impoverished. Take this lesson on demonstrative pronouns, for example, that English tries to cover with merely “this/these” and “that/those.” Thanks to Andrea Custer for permission to share this really carefully crafted lesson that shows us how much information Cree can pack into these little word forms. 

[Andrea is currently teaching and studying at First Nations University. Find more of her lessons online at]

  Animate   Inanimate  
from Speaker
singular plural singular plural
Near awa ôki ôma ôhi
Medial ana aniki anima anihi
Far nâha nêki nêma nêhi

Summary of Cree Demonstrative Pronouns

Solomon Ratt provides the following adjustments (for th-dialect): 
ôki > ôko
ôhi > ôho
ê > î (nîki, nîma, nîhi) 


About Arden Ogg

Arden Ogg is Director of the Cree Literacy Network, launched in 2010 with the goal of creating Cree language literacy materials suitable for use by learners of all ages.
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